Today in World War II History

70 Years Ago—July 23, 1940: British Home Guard is officially created with 1.3 million civilian volunteers to protect the home front.
65 Years Ago—July 23, 1945: Vichy Marshal Henri Petain goes on trial in Paris for collaborating with Nazis; his death sentence will be commuted due to age. Submarine USS Barb lands raiders on Karafuto (between Japan & mainland Asia), who blow up a train and escape.