70 Years Ago—Aug. 31, 1940: RAF’s worst day in Battle of Britain: most bases out of action, 34 planes lost. Rationing set up in Vichy France: weekly ration of 4 oz sugar, 6 oz spaghetti, 1.5 oz rice, 3 oz margarine.
65 Years Ago—Aug. 31, 1945: German Field Marshals Walter von Brauchitsch and Erich von Manstein are arrested in Germany.