Years Ago—Aug. 9, 1942: German Army Group A takes Maikop oil fields in
Caucasus, but finds them mostly destroyed by the Soviets. In the Battle of Savo
Island—Japanese sink 1 Australian (Canberra)
and 3 US (Astoria, Quincy, Vincennes)
cruisers off Guadalcanal. British jail Gandhi and Nehru in India, riots break
out which disrupt transportation.