Years Ago—Dec. 1, 1942: Lt. Gen. Ira Eaker assumes command of US Eighth
Air Force, based in England. Australians capture Gona, New Guinea. Control of
“Hump” flights (India to China over the Himalayas) passes from US Tenth Air
Force to US Air Transport Command. In the United States, gas rationing goes
into effect nationwide. (See blog article: Gasoline Rationing in World War II).